What are the different types of brain injuries?

By knowing about the different types of brain injuries, people can better prepare to deal with them if they do happen.

It is in the interest of anybody living in Virginia to be watchful over his or her health. Life-changing injuries can take many different forms, and one of the most impactful kinds to have to deal with is known as a brain injury. Many people know to check for a concussion when somebody's head has been struck, but the fact remains that there are many other types of brain injuries that can occur, each of which presents itself through a different set of symptoms. Being able to effectively identify one type of brain injury from another can help people be better equipped to deal with this kind of trauma when it happens.

Physical brain injuries

Most of the ways that the brain can come under harm's way are from a direct physical impact. The following list is not comprehensive, but does cover some of the most common varieties of brain injury:

· Penetrating injuries are most often caused by firearms, but any time that an object pierces the skull and invades the brain, it is considered a penetrating injury.

· Traumatic brain injury or concussion is a very common form of brain injury. It can be caused when the head is hit by an object, or if the skull is violently whipped around.

· When somebody sustains another concussion when still recovering from the symptoms of a previous one, it is a special situation known as Second Impact Syndrome, and can involve serious complications, such as hallucinations, emotions that quickly shift, and spasms of the muscles.

· If the brain has received a bruise or is bleeding, it is known as a contusion. Removal is sometimes necessary via surgery with this type of brain injury.

· If the head is shaken or rotated violently enough, it is possible for tears to occur where the brain connects with the skull. This type is called a diffuse axonal injury, and is often found in infants with Shaken Baby Syndrome.

An additional point that is important to remember is that different types of brain injuries will sometimes occur at the same time, making the process of identification more complicated.

Non-physical brain injuries

It is also possible for the brain to be injured without having been struck at all. For instance, if a person has suffocated long enough for the brain to be deprived of oxygen, hypoxia, a lack of oxygen, or anoxia, a lack of oxygen, can ravage the brain's integrity. Any type of internal bleeding in the brain is known as a hematoma, and can happen a number of different ways.

If someone in Virginia has had to deal with the effects of a brain injury, his or her life could forever be more difficult. It may be possible to get compensation for the suffering involved in such a matter, and to help pay medical bills. An attorney in the local area with experience in personal injury law may be able to help.